Hutan Kunci Bagi Sasaran Pembangunan

Hutan dunia memainkan perang penting dalam peralihan ke ekonomi hijau, tapi pemerintah perlu berbuat lebih banyak guna menjamin hutan tersebut dikelola secara berkelanjutan

Pelet Kayu, Bahan Bakar Alternatif Rendah Emisi

Penggunaan wood pellet (pelet kayu) sebagai bahan bakar alternatif pengganti bahan bakar fosil untuk industri besar, kecil, dan rumah tangga menghasilkan emisi lebih rendah dibandingkan dengan minyak tanah dan gas.

COP19 Warsawa : Indonesia Paparkan Inisiatif Hijau Dalam Kawasan Hutan Produksi dan Hutan Lindung

"Green Initiatives on Protected Forest, Production Forest and National Parks" COP-19/CMP-9 UNFCCC, Warsawa, Polandia (15/11/2013).

Forest Landscape Restoration: Enhancing more than carbon stocks

ITTO co-hosted a discussion forum on “Forest Landscape Restoration: Enhancing more than carbon stocks” at Forest Day 6, convened during UNFCCC COP18 in Doha, Qatar.

Saturday, June 30, 2012

New Satellites to Help Save Indonesian Forests

JAKARTA - Virtual mapping has become a vital tool in forest conservation, allowing the public to see where deforestation is occurring.  In Indonesia, several environmental organizations are leading efforts with new technology that they hope will pressure businesses and the government to stop illegal logging. 

When the environmental news website Mongabay launched its Indonesia site in late May it revealed a new tool that will allow users to monitor changes in Indonesia’s forest cover.

Mongabay founder Rhett Butler worked with the U.S. National Aeronautics and Space Administration to develop the platform, which uses satellite remote sensing images to track forest loss every quarter.

"The key to really going after deforestation is first of all understanding where it’s happening, and so once you have that information then you can take some sort of action," Butler explained.

Butler says non-governmental organizations (NGOs) can use the deforestation alert tool to enter areas where trees are being cut, determine why that is happening and then work with local communities to stop deforestation.

The government could also use the tool to determine if companies operating in deforested areas have the proper licenses.

Indonesia has the world’s third largest tropical rainforest after Brazil and the Democratic Republic of Congo.  It also has some of the most diverse plant and animal life on the planet.  But in the past two decades more than 24 million hectares of forest have been cleared.  Much of that clearing has been done to make way for palm oil plantations.

Officials have recently committed to conserving forests and reducing greenhouse gases that are released when trees are cut in swampy areas with carbon-rich peat.  Forest and peatland destruction accounts for 80 percent of Indonesia’s annual carbon emissions, which President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono has pledged to reduce by 26 percent by 2020.

That means Indonesia could some day look like Brazil, which has seen dramatic reductions in deforestation since it made reducing forest loss a priority starting in 2004.

But Butler says much of that progress depends on pressure from the private sector.  

"Governments tend not to lead. Leadership tends to come from the private sector and civil society, so the government may have a plan, but there is no guarantee that it will be implemented," he said.

Indonesia has struggled to conserve its forests while also maintaining high economic growth.  Much of its economy depends on the sale of timber and other forest-based products, like palm oil.

The government issues land-use permits to determine which areas should be preserved and which can be developed.  But Kuntoro Mangkusubroto, chair of the REDD+ Task Force, which helps coordinate activities aimed at reducing emissions from deforestation, says the problem is in creating one uniform map for issuing land-use permits.

Meanwhile, environmental groups are developing mapping systems like the forest cover analyzer, a tool soon to be launched by the World Resource Institute, a global environmental think tank, to track the forest losses.

Rauf Prasodjo, a research analyst helping develop the tool, explains how it works.

"This map here of Kalimantan shows the annual tree cover loss from the year 2001 to 2010.  What you can do with this map, is you can do it per annually, it’s the purple dots there," Prasodjo explained.  "Then you can see per year where deforestation has occurred."

A smattering of purple dots light up Prasodjo’s screen when he selects 2001. When he requests the change in forest cover over the last nine years the dots turn to blotches, like giant ink stains.

Prasodjo says the tool could help potential investors seeking certification for palm oil projects from the Roundtable on Sustainable Palm Oil, an industry group promoting environmentally friendly palm oil development.  They could enter the coordinates of their concession and determine vital information, such as the total amount of primary forest in the area.

As the tools improve, they make it easier to determine what lies within the forests.  And Prasodjo says that makes companies a lot more accountable for their actions.

"You’re in conferences and you just hear ‘we’re not cutting down forests' or 'We have been more careful in conducting that.’ I think tools is just a nice proof of saying this is what my argument is based on and, if it is publicly available and people can see what’s happening based on satellite images, I think that people will understand more what’s happening on the field," Prasodjo said.

Other groups are using Google Maps technology and helping develop other tools to give even more detailed pictures of Indonesia’s vast forests - including revealing not only where deforestation occurs, but also the species of plants on the ground.

Source :

Tuesday, June 19, 2012

Healthy forests key for green growth, says UN report

More than a billion of the world's
poorest people are dependent upon
trees for their livelihoods
The world's forests, if managed properly, can help deliver a strong and durable global green economy, a UN report has concluded.

But the report's authors said that nations needed to do more to ensure the right policies are in place if forests are to meet their maximum potential.

In another initiative, an international collaboration has pledged to restore 18 million hectares of wooded landscapes.

The findings were launched at the Rio+20 summit in Brazil.

"Forests and trees on farms are a direct source of food, energy and income for more than a billion of the world's poorest people," said Eduardo Rojas-Briales, assisant director-general for Forestry at the UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO).

"At the same time, forests trap carbon and mitigate climate change, maintain water and soil health, and prevent desertification," he added.

"The sustainable management of forests offer multiple benefits - with the right programmes and policies, the sector can lead the way towards more sustainable, greener economies."

The report, The State of the World's Forests 2012 , the 10th in the SOFO series, highlighted some of the main avenues in which money could figuratively grow on trees, including:

  • Critical life support systems - can perform a range of "essential ecosystem funtions", such as regulating water supplies and buffering floods and droughts.
  • "Engine of economic development" - SOFO highlights strong link between reforestation and growth, and deforestation and economic decline, hence the anti-poverty role of forests.
  • "Key component of greening other sectors" - wood is still the primary energy source for one-third of the world's population, therefore - with the right policies - it can expanded to provide a global greener, cleaner energy source.

The report, launched at the R+20 summit in Rio De Jainero, concluded that forests and forest products "will not solve the challenges of moving towards greener economies, but they will provide excellent examples and a source of hope".

Rising to the challenge

Also being announced at the summit was a joint pledge between a number of nations and NGOs to restore more than 18 million hectares of forest landscape.

The US and Rwanda goverments teamed up with the Brazilian Mata Atlantica Forest Restoration Pact (made up from government agencies, NGOs, private sector bodies and indigenous groups).

The annoucement forms part of the "Bonn Challenge ", which was agreed in September 2011 and commits nations to restore 150 million hectares of forested areas by 2020.

"The largest restoration initiative the world has ever seen is now underway," said Julia Marton-Lefcvre, director-general of the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN).

"[It] will provide huge global benefits in the form of income, food security and addressing climate change," she added.

"We urge other countries and landowners to follow suit."

Source :

Sunday, June 17, 2012

World Day to Combat Desertification 2012

17 Juni, Hari Dunia Penanggulangan Degradasi Lahan 2012
(World Day to Combat Desertification) : Mari Hentikan Degradasi Lahan

Sejak tahun 1994, Persatuan Bangsa-Bangsa mendeklarasikan tanggal 17 Juni sebagai Hari Penanggulangan Degradasi Lahan dan Kekeringan Sedunia (The World Day to Combat Desertification and Drought) melalui Resolusi Sidang Umum PBB No. A/RES/49/115. Deklarasi ini penting untuk meningkatkan kesadaran masyarakat dunia akan bahaya degradasi lahan bagi keberlangsungan hidup manusia.

Di Indonesia, Kementerian Kehutanan adalah focal point  untuk Konvensi PBB tentang Penanggulangan Degradasi Lahan. Oleh karena itu, Kementerian Kehutanan mengemban kewajiban untuk menyuarakan dan menggerakkan kesadaran masyarakat untuk memperbaiki lingkungan dan mencegah degradasi lahan untuk kesejahteraan masyarakat.

Tahun 2012 ini, di tingkat internasional peringatan Hari Dunia Penanggulangan Degradasi Lahan akan diselenggarakan di Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, hari minggu 17 Juni 2012 sebelum Konferensi Rio+20 dimulai. Konvensi PBB tentang Penanggulangan Degradasi Lahan (The United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification, UNCCD) menetapkan tema peringatan tahun ini dengan slogan: Healthy soil sustains your life: LET’S GO LAND-DEGRADATION NEUTRAL atau “Tanah sehat menopang hidupmu: Mari hentikan degradasi lahan”. Sekjen PBB Ban Ki-moon menyerukan penggunaan lahan yang lestari menjadi “sebuah landasan ekonomi hijau untuk pengurangan kemiskinan dan pembangunan berkelanjutan”. Demikian pula para pemimpin dunia berharap komitmen untuk mencapai laju degradasi lahan nol harus menjadi hasil penting dari Pertemuan Rio+20 ini.

Tanah sehat adalah sumberdaya yang terbatas dan tak tergantikan, yang menghidupi 7 miliar manusia saat ini dan diperkirakan akan menghidupi 9 miliar manusia di tahun 2050.   Tanah adalah harta bersama yang menyediakan sumber pangan, sumber air dan energi untuk generasi sekarang dan yang akan datang.  Oleh karena itu, kita harus berupaya mencapai target laju-nol degradasi lahan. Target ini dapat dicapai dengan melestarikan tanah subur dan merestorasi lahan yang terdegradasi. Upaya ini harus mulai pada daerah kering yang menopang separuh dari sistem produksi pangan dunia dan sangat rentan terhadap degradasi, dan kemudian mengadopsi praktek yang baik ke tempat-tempat lainnya.

Baca juga sambutan Menteri Kehutanan RI Zulkifli Hasan : disini

Sumber :
SIARAN PERS DEPHUT Nomor : S.365/PHM-1/2012

Wednesday, June 13, 2012

Documents - 2007

2007 - The National Forest Policies Related to Climate Change

2007 - Integrating Global Forest Policies into National Policies (UNFCCC Bali)

2007 - Identifikasi Desa dalam Kawasan Hutan

2007 - HESSEN-FORST Geschäftsbericht

2007 - Fokus Kegiatan Baplan Kemenhut 2007

2007 - Berburu Pasar Karbon ke Australia (MFP II)